Introduction of wikis to foster collaboration in health professional education
Keywords:wikis, collaboration, physiotherapy/health professional education
Background: In order to facilitate learning that prepares students for future media- rich, collaborative, professional practice, a wiki-based assignment was introduced to a professional physiotherapy program. The aim of this study was to explore learning experience with wikis from the student’s perspective.
Methods: Over a 12-week semester, 57 Year 3, BSc Physiotherapy students worked in groups to create and collectively contribute to a wiki regarding exercise for specific clinical populations. Each student then documented their progressive wiki experience in an online reflective journal. Data from a random sample (n = 10) of the students’ journals were analysed for common themes using a framework analysis method.
Results: Three predominant themes emerged from the online journal data regarding the student experience: (1) using a novel learning platform, (2) teamwork and collaboration and (3) enhanced learning opportunities. Wikis facilitated achievement of learning outcomes, including collaborative team skills and evidence review, synthesis and presentation. Themes identified from the students’ journals have led to the development of a framework for the integration of an enhanced social collaborative environment in a health professional program. A greater level of student orientation to wikis is advocated, and it is important that the wiki platform chosen has a user friendly interface and ideally is developed as an open learning resource.
Conclusion: Wikis were found to be a valuable tool for facilitating collaboration and enhancing learning, important for future professional practice of these health professional students. A framework for integrating such social collaborative environments into health professional programs has been presented.
Biggs, J. (1999). Teaching for quality at university. Buckingham, UK: SRHE/Open University Press.
Biggs, J. (2003). Teaching for quality learning at university: What the student does (2nd ed.). Buckingham, UK: SRHE/Open University Press.
Boud, D., & Falchikov, N. (2007). Rethinking assessment in higher education: Learning for the longer term. New York, NY: Routledge.
Boulos, M. N. K., & Wheeler, S. (2007).The emerging Web 2.0 social software: An enabling suite of social technologies in health and healthcare education. Health Information and Libraries Journal, 24, 2–24.
Brulet, A., Llorca, G., & Letrilliart, L. (2015). Medical wikis dedicated to clinical practice: A systematic review. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 17(2), e48.
Bruns, A., & Humphreys, S. (2005). Wikis in teaching and assessment: The M/ Cyclopedia project. Proceedings of the 2005 International Symposium on Wikis, San Diego, CA. Retrieved from http://www.ijklo.org/Volume3/IJKLOv3p057- 072Parker284.pdf
Buffa, M., & Gandon, F. (2006, August). SweetWiki: Semantic web enabled technologies in wiki. Proceeding of WikiSym ‘06, Odense, Denmark. Retrieved from http://www.wikisym.org/ws2006/proceedings/p69.pdf
Cannon, R., & Newble, D. (2002). A Handbook for teachers in universities and colleges: A guide to improving teaching methods. London, England: Kogan Page.
Caple, H., & Bogle, M. (2013). Making group assessment transparent: What wikis can contribute to collaborative projects. Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education, 38(2), 198–210.
D’Andrea, V. (2003). Organizing teaching and learning: Outcomes-based planning. In H. Fry, S. Ketteridge & S. Marshall (Eds.), A handbook for teaching & learning in higher education: Enhancing academic practice (2nd ed.) (pp. 41–57). London, England: Kogan Page.
Davis, N., Kumtepe, E., & Aydeniz, M. (2007). Fostering continuous improvement and learning through peer assessment: Part of an integral model of assessment. Educational Assessment, 12(2), 113–135.
De Pedro, X., & Riuerdevall, M. (2006). Writing documents collaboratively in higher education using traditional vs wiki methodology: Qualitative results from a 2-year project study. Proceedings from the 4th International Congress of University Teaching and Innovation, Barcelona, Spain. Retrieved from http://www.academia. edu/575958
Elgort, I. (2007, December). Using wikis as a learning tool in higher education. Proceedings of the Australasian Society for Computers in Learning in Tertiary Education, Singapore. Retrieved from http://www.ascilite.org/conferences/ singapore07/procs/elgort.pdf
Ferris, S. P., & Wilder, H. (2001). Uses and potentials of wikis in the classroom. Innovate: Journal of Online Education, 2(5), Article 3. Retrieved from http:// nsuworks.nova.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1129&context=innovate
Gale, N. K., Heath, G., Cameron, E., Rashid, S., & Redwood, S. (2010).Using the framework method for the analysis of qualitative data in multi-disciplinary health research. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 13, 113–117. Retrieved from http:// www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2288/13/117
Garrison, D. R., & Anderson, T. (2003). E-learning in the 21st century. Abingdon, UK/New York, NY: Routledge-Falmer.
Gibbs, G., & Simpson, C. (2005). Conditions under which assessments support students’ learning. Learning and Teaching in Higher Education, 1(3), 29.
Guo, Z., & Steven, K. J. (2011). Factors influencing perceived usefulness of wikis for group collaborative learning by first year students. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 27(2), 221–242.
Harden, R. M., Stevenson, M., Downie, W. W., & Wilson, G. M. (1975). Assessment of clinical competence using objective structured clinical examination. BMJ, 1, 447–451.
Hatton, N., & Smith, D. (1995). Reflection in teacher education: Towards definition and implementation. Sydney, Australia: The University of Sydney: School of Teaching and Curriculum Studies. Teaching and Teacher Education, 11(1), 33–51.
Jacobs, J. (2003). Communication overexposure: The rise of blogs as a product of cybervoyeurism. Cited in J. B. Williams & J. Jacobs (2004), Exploring the use of blogs as learning spaces in the higher education sector. Australian Journal of Educational Technology, 20, 232–247.
Jonassen, D. H., Peck, K. L., & Wilson, B. G. (1999). Learning with technology: A constructivist perspective. Columbus, OH: Prentice Hall.
Jung, I., & Suzuki, Y. (2015). Scaffolding strategies for wiki-based collaboration: Action research in a multicultural Japanese language program. British Journal of Educational Technology, 46(4), 829–838.
Lokhoff, J., Wegewijs, B., Durkin, K., Wagenaar, R., González, J., Isaacs, A. K., . . . Gobbi, M. (1999). Tuning educational structures in Europe. A guide to formulating degree programmes. Retrieved from http://www.core-project.eu
Mejias, U. (2006). Teaching social software with social software. Innovate: Journal of Online Education, 2(5), Article 2.
Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Otter, M. E., Whittaker, S., & Spriggs, S. (2009). Using wikis and peer evaluation to teach medical students how to find and assess evidence based resources: A pilot study. New Review of Academic Librarianship, 15(2), 187–205.
Papinczak, T., Young, L., & Groves, M. (2007). Peer assessment in problem based learning: A qualitative study. Advances in Health Sciences Education, 12(2), 169–186.
Parker, K. R., & Chao, J. T. (2007). Wiki as a teaching tool. Interdisciplinary Journal of Knowledge and Learning Objects, 3, 58–72.
Ramanau, R., & Geng, F. (2009). Researching the use of wikis to facilitate group work. Procedia Social and Behavioural Sciences, 1(1), 2620–2626.
Reigeluth, C. M. (1999). Instructional design theories and models: Vol. 2. A new paradigm of instructional theory: Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Reinhold, S., & Abawi, D. F. (2006). Concepts for extending wiki systems to supplement collaborative learning. In D. Hutchison et al. (Eds.), Lecture Notes in Computer Sciences: Vol. 3942 (pp. 755–767). Berlin, Germany: Springer.
Reiser, R. A. (2001). A history of instructional design and technology: Part I. A history of instructional media. Educational Technology Research and Development, 49(1), 53–64.
Roberts, T. S. (Ed.). (2004). Computer-supported collaborative learning in higher education. Hershey, PA: Idea Group.
Rouissonos, D., & Athanassios, J. (2013). Analysis of students’ participation patterns and learning presence in a wiki based project. Educational Media International, 50(4), 306–324.
Rowe, M. (2012).The use of a wiki to facilitate collaborative learning in a South African physiotherapy department. South African Journal of Physiotherapy, 68(2), 11–16.
Sadler, D. R. (2002). “Ah! So that’s ‘quality’”. In P. Schwartz & G. Webb (Eds.), Assessment: Case studies, experience and practice from higher education. London, England: Kogan.
Schaffert, S., Bischof, D., Buerger, T., Gruber, A., Hilzensauer, W., & Schaffert,
S. (2006, June). Learning with semantic wikis. Proceedings of the first
workshop on semantic wikis: From wiki to semantics (pp. 109–123), Budva, Montenegro. Retrieved from http://www.wastl.net/download/paper/Schaffert06_ SemWikiLearning.pdf
Snowball, J. D., & Mostert, M. (2013). Dancing with the devil: Formative peer assessment and academic performance.
Higher Education Research and Development, 32(4), 646–659.
Thompson, L., & Ku, H. Y. (2006). A case of online collaborative learning. The Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 7(4), 361–375.
Toohey, S. (1999). Designing courses for higher education. In S. Marshall (Ed), A handbook for teaching and learning in higher education (2nd ed.). London, England: Routledge.
Topping, K. J. (2009). Peer assessment. Theory into Practice, 48(1), 20–27.
Van Hattum-Janssen, N., & Lourenco, J. M. (2006). Explicitness of criteria in peer assessment processes for first year engineering students. European Journal of Engineering Education, 31(6), 683–69.
World Confederation for Physical Therapy (WCPT). (2011). WCPT guideline for standards of physical therapy practice. Retrieved from http://www.wcpt.org/sites/ wcpt.org/files/files/Guideline_standards_practice_complete.pdf
Wenger, E. (2000). Communities of practice. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Wheeler, S., Yeomans, P., & Wheeler, D. (2008). The good, the bad and the wiki: Evaluating student-generated content for collaborative learning. British Journal of Educational Technology, 39(6), 987–995.
Zheng, B., Niiya, M., & Warschauer, M. (2015). Wikis and collaborative learning in higher education. Technology, Pedagogy and Education, 24(3), 357–374.
Zitzelsberger, H., Campbell, K. A., Service, D., & Sanchez, O. (2015). Using wikis to stimulate collaborative learning in two online health sciences courses. The Journal of Nursing Education, 54(6), 352–355.
How to Cite
On acceptance for publication in FoHPE the copyright of the manuscript is signed over to ANZAHPE, the publisher of FoHPE.